A Compendium for Seed Savers – Common & Unusual Garden Vegetables

General Articles

3 Easy Steps to Saving Your Own Garden Seeds

5 Easy Steps to Drying Your Seeds Enough to Freeze Them

5 Ways to Ensure the Purity of Your Seeds

Wet vs. Dry – Methods of Seed Saving

8 Things You MUST Know Before You Start Saving Your Seeds

Cleaning Your Seeds: Separation & Winnowing Methods

How to Hand Pollinate

Specific Garden Vegetables and Fruits

There are dozens of plants listed below. We have specific instructions for seed-saving for many of them, and we’re working on the rest.

We have them listed both in alphabetical order, according to their commonly used name, and also by plant families/scientific names.

Alphabetical Order

Ahipa to Cress

  • Ahipa
  • Amaranths
  • Artichoke, Chinese
  • Artichoke, Globe
  • Artichoke, Jerusalem (Sunroot)
  • Asparagus
  • Balsam Apple
  • Balsam Pear (see Melon, Bitter)
  • Basil
  • Bean, Adzuki
  • Bean, Asparagus (see Bean, Yard Long)
  • Bean, Black Gram
  • Bean, Broad (see Bean, Fava)
  • Bean, Butter (see Bean, Lima)
  • Bean, Cluster
  • Bean, Common
  • Bean, Fava (Broad Bean)
  • Bean, Garbanzo (Chick Pea)
  • Bean, Green Gram (see Bean, Mung)
  • Bean, Hyacinth
  • Bean, Jack
  • Bean, Lima (Butter Bean)
  • Bean, Moth
  • Bean, Mung (Green Gram)
  • Bean, Popping
  • Bean, Potato
  • Bean, Rice
  • Bean, Runner
  • Bean, Soy (see Soybean)
  • Bean, Sword
  • Bean, Tepary
  • Bean, Winged
  • Bean, Yard Long (Asparagus Bean)
  • Beet, Garden
  • Beet, Mangel
  • Beet, Sugar
  • Beetberry
  • Bitter Melon (see Melon, Bitter)
  • Broccoli
  • Brussels Sprouts
  • Burdock, Japanese (see Gobo)
  • Cabbage
  • Cabbage, Chinese
  • Caihua (Achoecha)
  • Calabazilla
  • Cantaloupe
  • Cape Gooseberry (Poha)
  • Cardoon
  • Carrot
  • Carrot, Peruvian
  • Casaba
  • Cassabanana
  • Cauliflower
  • Celeriac
  • Celery
  • Celtuce
  • Chayote (Vegetable Pear)
  • Chervil
  • Chervil, Turnip-Rooted
  • Chicory, Witloof
  • Chilacayote (see Gourd, Malabar)
  • Chinese Artichoke (see Artichoke, Chinese)
  • Chinese Lantern
  • Chives, Common (Onion Chives)
  • Chives, Garlic (Chinese Chives)
  • Citron
  • Collards
  • Common Nightshade (Poisonberry)
  • Coriander
  • Corn
  • Corn Salad, Common
  • Corn Salad, Italian
  • Corn, Broom
  • Cowpea
  • Cress, Garden

Cucumber to Pear

  • Cucumber, African Horned (see Melon, Jelly)
  • Cucumber, Armenian (Snake Melon)
  • Cucumbers (except Armenian, Burr, & African Horned)
  • Devil’s Claw (Unicorn Plant) (3 different species…)
  • Dill
  • Dwarf Cape Gooseberry (see Tomato, Strawberry)
  • Eggplant
  • Eggplant, Tomato-Fruited
  • Endive
  • Escarole
  • Fennel
  • Garden Huckleberry
  • Garlic (Soft-neck and Hard-neck)
  • Gobo (Japanese Burdock)
  • Good King Henry
  • Gourd, Hard-Shelled
  • Gourd, Malabar (Chilacayote)
  • Gourd, Serpent
  • Gourd, Wax (Winter Melon)
  • Ground Cherry, Downy (Yellow Husk Tomato)
  • Ground Cherry, Purple
  • Honeydew
  • Horseradish
  • Jerusalem Artichoke (see Artichoke, Jerusalem)
  • Jicama (Yam Bean)
  • Kale
  • Kale, Sea
  • Kale, Siberian
  • Kellu-uchu
  • Kiwicha
  • Kohlrabi
  • Lamb’s Quarters
  • Leeks
  • Lentil
  • Lettuce
  • Lettuce, Celtuce (see Celtuce)
  • Lettuce, Miner’s
  • LotusLuffa, Angled
  • Luffa, Smooth
  • Maca
  • Malabar Spinach (see Spinach, Malabar)
  • Mangel (see Beet, Mangel)
  • Manzano
  • Melon, Asian Pickling
  • Melon, Bitter (Balsam Pear)
  • Melon, Jelly (African Horned Cucumber)
  • Melon, Pocket (Vine Pomegranate)
  • Melon, Snake (see Cucumber, Armenian)
  • Melon, Winter (see Gourd, Wax)
  • Miner’s Lettuce (see Lettuce, Miner’s)
  • Muskmelon
  • Mustard Greens
  • Mustard, Black
  • Mustard, Chinese
  • Mustard, Indian
  • Mustard, White Flowered
  • Naranjilla
  • New Zealand Spinach (see Spinach, New Zealand)
  • Oca
  • Okra
  • Onion, Japanese Bunching
  • Onion, Multiplier
  • Onions, Common
  • Onions, Egyptian
  • Orach (Mountain Spinach)
  • Parsley
  • Parsley Root
  • Parsnip
  • Pea, Asparagus
  • Pea, Chick (see Bean, Garbanzo)
  • Pea, Cow (see Cowpea)
  • Pea, Edible Podded
  • Pea, Garden
  • Pea, Pigeon
  • Peanut
  • Pear, Vegetable (see Chayote)

Pepino to Yacon

  • Pepino (Melon Pear)
  • Pepper, Chili
  • Pepper, Squash
  • Pepper, Sweet
  • Pepper, Tabasco
  • Perilla
  • Poha (see Cape Gooseberry)
  • Poisonberry (see Common Nightshade)
  • Potato
  • Purslane
  • Quinoa
  • Rape/Canola
  • Rhubarb
  • Rocambole (Serpent Garlic)
  • Rocket (Roquette)
  • Rutabaga (Swede Turnip)
  • Salsify
  • Salsify, Black (see Scorzonera)
  • Salsify, Wild
  • Scorzonera
  • Shungiku
  • Skirret
  • Sorghum
  • Sorrel, French
  • Sorrel, Garden
  • Sorrel, Mountain
  • Sorrel, Sheep
  • Soybean
  • Spinach
  • Spinach, Malabar
  • Spinach, Mountain (see Orach)
  • Spinach, New Zealand
  • Spinach, Water (Water Convolvulus)
  • Squash, Acorn
  • Squash, Banana
  • Squash, Buttercup
  • Squash, Butternut
  • Squash, Cheese
  • Squash, Cocozelle
  • Squash, Crookneck
  • Squash, Golden
  • Squash, Green Striped Cushaw
  • Squash, Hubbard
  • Squash, Scallop
  • Squash, Silver Seeded Gourd
  • Squash, Small Striped & Warted Gourds
  • Squash, Turban
  • Squash, Vegetable Marrow
  • Squash, White Cushaw
  • Squash, Wild Seroria
  • Squash, Winter Marrow
  • Squash, Zucchini
  • Sunberry (Wonderberry)
  • Sunflower
  • Sunroot (see Artichoke, Jerusalem)
  • Sweet Potato
  • Swiss Chard
  • Tamarillo (see Tomato, Tree)
  • Tarwi
  • Tomatillo (Mexican Husk Tomato)
  • Tomatillo, Wild
  • Tomato
  • Tomato, Currant
  • Tomato, Mexican Husck (see Tomatillo)
  • Tomato, Strawberry (Dwarf Cape Gooseberry)
  • Tomato, Tree (Tamarillo)
  • Tomato, Yellow Husk (see Ground Cherry, Downy)
  • Vine Peach (Mango Melon)
  • Vine Pomegranate (see Melon, Pocket)
  • Water Chestnut
  • Water Spinach (see Spinach, Water)
  • Watercress
  • Watercress, Large Leaf
  • Watermelon
  • Wonderberry (Sunberry)
  • Yacon

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Listed By Family

Amaryllidaceae


Amaranthaceae


Basellaceae

  • Basella alba – Malabar Spinach

Brassicas

  • Armoracia rusticana – Horseradish
  • Brassica hirta – White Flowered Mustard
  • Brassica juncea – Indian Mustard and Mustard Greens
  • Brassica napus – Rutabaga (Swede Turnip), Siberian Kale and Rape
  • Brassica nigra – Black Mustard
  • Brassica oleracea – Cabbage
  • Brassica oleracea – Broccoli and Cauliflower
  • Brassica oleracea – Kale and Collards
  • Brassica oleracea – Brussels Sprouts
  • Brassica oleracea – Kohlrabi
  • Brassica rapa – Chineses Cabbage and Chinese Mustard
  • Crambe maritime – Sea Kale
  • Eruca sativa – Rocket (Roquette)
  • Lepidium meyenni – Maca
  • Lepidium sativum – Garden Cress
  • Raphanus sativus – Radish
  • Rorippa microphylla – Large Leaf Watercress
  • Rorippa nasturtium var. aquaticum – Watercress

Chenopodiaceae

  • Atriplex hortensis – Orach (Mountain Spinach)
  • Beta vulagaris – Garden Beet, Sugar Beet, Mangel, and Swiss Chard
  • Chenopodium album – Lamb’s Quarters
  • Chenopodium bonus-henricus – Good King Henry
  • Chenopodium capitatum – Beetberry
  • Chenopodium quinoa – Quinoa
  • Spinacia oleracea – Spinach

Compositae

  • Articum lappa – Gobo (Japanese Burdock)
  • Chrysanthemum coranarium – Shungiku
  • Cichorium endivia – Endive and Escarole
  • Cichorium intybus – Chicory (Witloof)
  • Cynara cardunculus – Cardoon
  • Cynara scolymus – Artichoke (Globe Artichoke)
  • Helianthus annuus – Sunflower
  • Helianthus tuberosus – Jerusalem Artichoke (Sunroot)
  • Lactuca sativa – Lettuce and Celtuce
  • Polymnia sonchifolia – Yacon
  • Scorzonera hispanica – Black Salsify (Scorzonera)
  • Tragopogon porrifolius – Salsify
  • Tragopogan pratensis – Wild Salsify

Convolvulaceae

  • Ipomoea aquatic – Water Spinach (Water Convolvulus)
  • Ipomoea batatas – Sweet Potato

Cucurbitaceae

  • Benincasa hispida – Wax Gourd (Winter Melon)
  • Citrullus lantus – Watermelon and Citron
  • Cucumis melo – Armenian cucumber (Snake Melon), Asian Pickling Melon, Cantaloupe, Casaba, Honeydew, Muskmelon, Pocket Melon (Vine Pomegranate), Vine Peach (Mango Melon)
  • Cucumis metuliferus – Jelly Melon (African horned Cucumber)
  • Cucumis sativus – Cucumbers (Except Armenian Cucumber, Burr Cucumber, and Afrian Horned Cucumber)
  • Cucurbita ficifolia – Malabar Gourd (Chilacayote)
  • Cucurbita foetidissima – Calabazilla
  • Cucurbita maxima – Squash (banana, buttercup, hubbard, turban, winter marrow)
  • Cucurbita mixta – Squash (green striped cushaw, silver seeded gourd, white cushaw, wild Seroria squash)
  • Cucurbita moschata – Squash (butternut, cheese, golden cushaw)
  • Cucurbita pepo – Squash (acorn, cocozelle, crookneck, scallop, small striped and warted gourds, vegetable marrow, zucchini)
  • Cyclanthera pedata – Caihua (Achoecha)
  • Lagenaria siceraria – Hard-Shelled Gourd
  • Luffa acutangula – Angled Luffa
  • Lufia aegyptiaca – Smooth Luffa
  • Momordica balsamina – Balsam Apple
  • Momordica charantia – Balsam Pear (Bitter Melon)
  • Sechium edule – Chayote (Vegetable Pear)
  • Sicana odorifera – Cassabanana
  • Trichosanthes anguina – Serpent Gourd

Cyperaceae

  • Eleocharis dulcis – Water Chestnut (Chinese Water Chestnut)

Gramineae

  • Sorghum bicolor – Sorghum and Broom Corn
  • Zea mays – Corn

Labiatae

  • Ocimum basilicum – Basil
  • Perilla frutescens – Perilla
  • Stachys affinis – Chinese Artichoke

Leguminosae

  • Arachis hypogaea – Peanut
  • Cajanus Cajun – Pigeon Pea
  • Canavalia ensiformis – Jack Bean
  • Canavalia gladiate – Sword Bean
  • Cicer arietinum – Garbanzo (Chick Pea)
  • Cyamposis tetragonolobus – Cluster Bean
  • Dolichos lablab – Hyacinth Bean
  • Glycine max – Soybean
  • Lens culinaris – Lentil
  • Lupinus mutabilis – Tarwi
  • Pachyrhizus ahipa – Ahipa
  • Pachyrhizus erosus – Jicama (Yam Bean)
  • Pachyrhizus tuberosus – Potato Bean
  • Phaseolus acutifolius var. latifolius – Tepary Bean
  • Phaseolus coccineus – Runner Bean
  • Phaseolus lunatus – Lima Bean (Butter Bean)
  • Phaseolus vulgaris – Common Bean
  • Phaseolus vulgaris subsp. Nunas – Nunas (Popping Bean)
  • Pisum sativum – Garden Pea and Edible Podded Pea
  • Psophocarpus tetragonolobus – Winged Bean and Asparagus Pea
  • Vicia faba – Fava Bean (Broad Bean)
  • Vigna aconitifolia – Moth Bean
  • Vigna angularis – Adzuki Bean
  • Vigna mungo – Black Gram
  • Vigna radiate – Mung Bean (Green Gram)
  • Vigna umbellata – Rice Bean
  • Vigna unguiculata – Cowpea
  • Vigna unguiculata subsp. sesquipedalis – Yard Long Bean (Asparagus Bean)

Liliaceae

  • Asparagus officinalis – Asparagus

Malvaceae

  • Abelmoschus esculentus – Okra

Martyniaceae

  • Martynia annua – Devil’s Claw (Unicorn Plant)
  • Proboscidea fragrans – Devil’s Claw (Unicorn Plant)
  • Proboscidea louisianica – Devil’s Claw (Unicorn Plant)

Oxalidaceae

  • Oxalis tuberosa – Oca

Polygonaceae

  • Rheum Rhabarbarum – Rhubarb
  • Rumex acetosa – Garden Sorrel
  • Rumex alpinus – Mountain Sorrel
  • Rumex scutatus – French Sorrel
  • Rumex acetosella – Sheep Sorrel

Portulacaceae

  • Claytonia parvifolia – Miner’s Lettuce
  • Portulaca oleraceae – Purslane

Solanaceae

  • Capsicum annuum – Sweet Pepper and Chili Pepper
  • Capsicum baccatum – Kellu-uchu
  • Capsicum frutescens – Tabasco and Squash Pepper
  • Capsicum pubescens – Manzano
  • Cyphomandra betacea – Tree Tomato (Tamarillo)
  • Lycopersicon lycopersicum – Tomato
  • Lycopersicon pimpinellifolium – Currant Tomato
  • Physalis alkekengi – Chinese Lantern
  • Physalis ixocarpa – Tomatillo (Mexican Husk Tomato)
  • Physalis peruviana – Cape Gooseberry (Poha)
  • Physalis philadelphica – Wild Tomatilla
  • Physalis pruinosa – Strawberry Tomato (Dwarf Cape Gooseberry)
  • Physalis pubescens – Downy Ground Cherry (Yellow Husk Tomato)
  • Physalis subglabrata – Purple Ground Cherry
  • Solanum Burbankii – Sunberry (Wonderberry)
  • Solanum integrifolium – Tomato-Fruited Eggplant
  • Solanum melongena – Eggplant
  • Solanum melanocerasum – Garden Huckleberry
  • Solanum muricatum – Pepino (Melon Pear)
  • Solanum nigrum – Common Nightshade (Poisonberry)
  • Solanum quitoense – Naranjilla
  • Solanum tuberosum – Potato

Tetragoniaceae

  • Tetragonia tetragonioides – New Zealand Spinach

Umbelliferae

  • Anethum graveolens – Dill
  • Anthriscus cerefolium – Chervil
  • Apium graveolens – Celery and Celeriac
  • Arracacia xanthorrhiza – Peruvian Carrot
  • Chaerophyllum bulbosum – Turnip-Rooted Chervil
  • Coriandrum sativum – Coriander
  • Daucus carota – Carrot
  • Foeniculum vulgare – Fennel
  • Pastinaca sativa – Parsnip
  • Petroselinum crispum – Parsley and Parsley Root
  • Sium sisarum – Skirret

Valerianaceae

  • Valerienella eriocarpa – Italian Corn Salad
  • Valerianella locusta – Common Corn Salad

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